[Yearbook] Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA), Janshree Bima and Aam Admi Bima: problem, solution

[Yearbook] Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA), Janshree Bima and Aam Admi Bima: problem, solution

  1. What is Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA)?
  2. Why is SSA in News?
  3. What is JBY and AABY
  4. What is the problem?
  5. What is the solution? / Why is it in news?

What is Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA)?
A Government project aimed at Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE)

Under SSA, Union and State Governments provide money for following

  1. To open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities
  2. strengthen existing school infrastructure via additional teachers, class rooms, toilets, drinking water, teaching-learning materials, maintenance grant etc

Why is SSA in News?

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan costs the Centre about Rs 25,000 crore each year and about the same from the states
  • And like every other  Government scheme, this SSA is also riddled with leakages and fake beneficiaries.
  • But Maharashtra State government saved Rs.2000 crores by using Aadhar-cards to cut down on bogus student enrollments.
  • Inspired with this success, now the Union Government is planning to get all SSA-students be provided Aadhar-cards.
  • It will help weed out fake students from the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).
  • This Revamped SSA programme could be rolled out in the next academic year

What is JBY and AABY

Janashree Bima Yojana (JBY) Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana (AABY)
Was launched in 2000 2007
Why? For  rural and urban poor persons aged between 18 and 59 years. cover against natural, accidental and disability of the head of the family of rural landless households in the country.
Similarity
  1. Both are Centrally sponsored Insurance schemes.
  2. Both are managed by LIC.

What is the problem?

  • There is significant overlapping of beneficiaries, because they cater to same or similar categories of population.
  • This leads to increased  Management  cost (need to maintain two databases, more staff etc)

What is the solution? / Why is it in news?

  • Government  is planning to merge these two schemes, for above cited reasons. (=fiscal consolidation + better social security).

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