Write down the names of important authorities in an industry and explain their duties and responsibilities.Ripunjay Tiwari
Ans. Important Authorities in an Industry – There are various types of authority in an industry –
(i) Line Authority and its Duties and Responsibilities – Line authority is the basic authority in an industry, is the ultimate authority to command, act, decide, approve or disapprove – directly or indirectly – all the activities of the industry. If is the authority to direct the work of others and to require them to conform to decisions, plans, policies, systems, procedures and goals. Line authority is the heart of the relationship between superiors’ and subordinates. Line elements provide authority to decide and direct and a central means for the flow the communication through a scalar chain of authority. In elements provide authority to decide and direct and a central means for the flow of communication through a scalar chain of authority. Line officials are in the chain of command from the highest executive to the lowest position in the organization. Each successive manager exercise direct line authority over his subordinates. Managers are responsible for how they exercise authority and for its consequences. They must use judgment and discretion and stay within the limits of their delegated authority.
(ii) Staff Authority and its. Duties and Responsibilities – Staff authority has no right to command except within the staff department itself. Staff managers cannot issue orders. They work by planning, thinking, studying, informing, recommending, persuading and suggesting. Thus, staff orientation is different from the line orientation which is concerned directly with the primary objectives of the enterprise. Staff men relieve. the line men of the burden of details, often technical, which would otherwise be handled less ably. They can provide better solution to industrial problems in their areas.
Types of Staff-
(a) Specialised Staff– If consists of specialists in different areas like accounting,. quality control, personal, public relations etc. Staff specialists generally provide both advice and service to the line departments of the industries.
(b) Personal Staff– Personal staff refers to the positions created to help a manager in carrying out those parts of his responsibilities which he cannot or does not want to delegate to others. Personal staff is required by top managers because their responsibilities grow beyond their personal capacities.
(c) General Staff– General staff consists of a group of experts in different areas who are attached to the central office of the organization. It is generally employed to provide advice on certain matters to the top management.
(iii) Functional Authority and its Duties and Responsibilities – It is a means of putting the staff specialists in top positions for the entire enterprise and it confers upon the holders a limited power to command over the people of their departments concerning their function. For. empowering the persons
in charge of various functional areas to maintain the quality and uniformity of the functions throughout the enterprise, functional authority is granted to them in addition to the line authority over their own sub ordinates. The functional manager has line authority over his department and over the activities of other
departments that pertain to his functional area. Functional authority remains confined to functional guidance of different departments.