What are the functions of DBMS ?

What are the functions of DBMS ?

Ans. The functions of DBMS are as follows –

  1. Data Definition – The DBMS must be able to accept data definitions in source from and convert them to appropriate object form. In other words, the DBMS must include DDL processor DDL compiler components for each of the various data definition languages (DDLs).
  2. Data Manipulation – The DBMS must be able to handle requests to retrieve, update, or delete existing data in the database or to add new data to the database. In other words, the DBMS must include a DML processor or DML compiler component to deal with the data manipulation language (DML).
  3. Optimization and Execution – DML requests, planned or unplanned, must be processed by the optimizer component whose purpose is to determine an efficient way of implementing the request. The optimized requests are then executed under the control of the run-time manager.
  4. Data Security and Integrity – The DBMS must monitor user requests and reject any attempts to violate the security constraints defined by the DBA. These tasks can be carried out at compile time or run-time or some mixture of the two.
  5. Data Recovery and Concurrency – The DBMS, or some other related software component, called the transaction manager or transaction processing monitor must enforce certain recovery and concurrency controls.
  6. Data Dictionary – it is a database which contains “data about the data” (called metadata or descriptor) – that is, definitions of other objects in the system, instead of “raw data”. In particular, all of the various schemas and mapping and all of the various security and integrity constraints will be stored, in both source and object form, in the dictionary.
  7. Performance – The DBMS should perform all of the tasks identified above as efficiently as possible.


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