[Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2016: Environment, Agriculture, Geography, Flora-Fauna, Summits, with Explanations for all CSAT Sets A, B, C and D

[Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2016: Environment, Agriculture, Geography, Flora-Fauna, Summits, with Explanations for all CSAT Sets A, B, C and D

In a way tough question, in a way easy question. If we go by gut-feeling that all camels can be domesticated, then easily by elimination we are left with answer A). Anyways, let’s crosscheck:
According to Downtoearth website

  • They can swim up to three kilometers into the sea in search of mangroves – So, 1 and 2 are correct.
  • Same page mentions: Most families in Jatt and Rabari communities of Kachchh, are traditional rearers of Kharai camels. So, third statement is wrong. By elimination we are left with A)

In 2015, April they were to given endangered species status hence in News.

20. Recently, our scientists have discovered a new and distinct species of banana plant which attains a height of about 11 metres and has orange-coloured fruit pulp. In which part of India has it been discovered?
(a) Andaman Islands
(b) Anaimalai Forests
(c) Maikala Hills
(d) Tropical rain forests of northeast
2015, October theHindu: Scientists at the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered a new species of banana from a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman islands. The new species is about 11 metres high, whereas as the usual banana species is about three to four metres high. The fruit pulp is orange in colour, distinctive from the white and yellow colour of regular bananas.

28. With reference to ‘Red Sanders’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:
1. It is a tree species found in a part of South India.
2. It is one of the most important trees in the tropical rain forest areas of South India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • It was in national media during April 2015, when Andhra Pradesh police killed 20 Red Sander smugglers in an encounter. So first statement is right.
  • Red Sanders is associated with Tropical dry deciduous forest. Says google book and . MoEF Hence 2nd statement wrong.

65. Recently, for the first time in our country, which of the following States has declared a particular butterfly as ‘State Butterfly’?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Karnataka
(d) Maharashtra

June 2015 theHindu: Maharashtra government has declared the Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor) as the State butterfly.

97. In which of the following regions of India are you most likely to come across the `Great Indian Hornbill’ in its natural habitat?
(a) Sand deserts of northwest India
(b) Higher Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Salt marshes of western Gujarat
(d) Western Ghats

It seems UPSC’s prem for Great Indian Bustard and Vultures died by Diclofenac, is vanished and now its new love-interest is Great Indian Hornbill. Frontline says the great Indian hornbill is found in the dense emerald patches of the Western Ghats, the bird is also known as the bird of the heavy rainforest.
Ref: Frontline and Google Book

As such every once in a while, theHindu would publish some travelogue / safari type article in its metro editions, but there are dozens of such birds, animals, reptiles. Difficult to memorize and recall which is found where.

Geography and Agriculture compared to last year

2015 2016
86. Consider the following rivers:
1. Vamsadhara
2. Indravati
3. Pranahita
4. Pennar
Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and4
(d) 2 and 3 only
Last year Godavari, now this year Brahmaputra tributaries asked.3. Which of the following is/are tributary tributaries of Brahmaputra?
1. Dibang
2. Kameng
3. Lohit
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
World geography two MCQs Nothing from world geography, but they did ask good amount of IR.
Geography had lot of variety- some ‘pairing’ question, some map based questions, some physical geography “factors-affecting” type question and so on…. Just four MCQs. 1 on Energy and 3 on river/ports linking.
Agriculture:

  1. MCQ on random low-profile scheme – “Accelerated irrigation benefit”
  2. excessive use of nitro-fertilizer leads to..
Agriculture:

  1. This time “intensive millet production”- another similar low-profile scheme.
  2. Again question about Nitro-fertilizer. Why neem coating of urea (one type of nitro-fertilizer)?

Road ahead for Geography and Agriculture

  • Although not much geography asked in prelims this time, but since it comes again in Mains-exam General Studies paper-1 so it has to be prepared in a diligent manner- starting with the NCERTs. (Though 2016 was worst case scenario- still one MCQ has come from Class-11 NCERT- like last few years). Class-11 NCERT has to be prepared by heart- whether appearing in CSE or CAPF or CDS.
  • Every subject reaches its peak and then falls down. Geography and Polity have touched almost the bottom with hardly 4-6 MCQs from each. So within 1 or 2 prelims again their rise should come.

Geography: 4 MCQs; 1 From NCERT

3. Which of the following is/are tributary tributaries of Brahmaputra?
1. Dibang
2. Kameng
3. Lohit
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

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