[ML16] Mains Revision & Answer Writing: GSM2-Polity: Comparing Referendum, Refugee Crisis; Directly Elected Mayor, Parliamentary Secretary, Office of Profit, ALGO-Trade, NMC

[ML16] Mains Revision & Answer Writing: GSM2-Polity: Comparing Referendum, Refugee Crisis; Directly Elected Mayor, Parliamentary Secretary, Office of Profit, ALGO-Trade, NMC

  1. Prologue
  2. ML16/GSM2: Polity- Referendum in India? Lessons from BREXIT, Columbia & Scotland
  3. ML16/GSM2: Polity- Refugee & Asylum Framework in India? Lessons from EU-Refugee Crisis
  4. ML16/GSM2: Polity- Parliamentary Secretary, Office of Profit: Constitutional origins?
  5. ML16/GSM2: Polity- Direct Mayor system in ULBs, Private Member’s Bill- merits of
  6. ML16/GSM2: Polity- Regulatory Bodies: Algo-Trading vs SEBI, MCI vs NMC?

Prologue

Continuation of lecture series for Mains-2016 revision and answer writing. Only selected topics will be covered with full length discuss on model answer. Powerpoints available under Mrunal.org/download – mediafire –1_Powerpoints – Mains Revision Folder. In this round, I’ll be focusing on selected Polity related topics for GS Mains Paper-II.

ML16/GSM2: Polity- Referendum in India? Lessons from BREXIT, Columbia & Scotland

Q. From recent international experiences, examine the feasibility of adopting “REFERENDUM” as an instrument to give voice to the citizens of India.
क्या भारतीय नागरिको को वाचा देने के लिए ‘जन-पृच्छा’ का साधन अपनाना चाहिए? हाल के अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अनुभवो से समालोचनात्मक समीक्षा कीजिए.
referendum
The headliner grabber referendum in recent times were 1) BREXIT 2) Columbia-FARC peacedeal 3) Scotland independence. So, what do we learn from them- are their principles worth applying to Indian subcontinent?
When AAP Government demanded referendum for full statehood to Delhi, the minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju lashed out- “Is Kejriwal intoxicated by the Brexit referendum? In our country, everything works as per Constitution. And there is no one who is above that!”
Youtube Link: http://youtu.be/Q1m51WIA8Dw

ML16/GSM2: Polity- Refugee & Asylum Framework in India? Lessons from EU-Refugee Crisis

Q. In the light of refugee crisis in EU, discuss the necessity of proper framework for refugees and asylum seekers in India.
यूरोपियन यूनियन की शरणार्थी समस्या को ध्यान में रखते हुए, भारत के शरणार्थी एवं आश्रय-वांछुओ के लिए एक समुचित ढाँचे की आवश्यकता की चर्चा कीजिए.
refugee crisis
India after Independnece, steadily received influx of refugees from Tibet, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), Sri-Lanka (LTTE) and other neighbours. So what do we learn from EU-crisis.

ML16/GSM2: Polity- Parliamentary Secretary, Office of Profit: Constitutional origins?

Q. Outline the role of “Parliamentary Secretary”. Why is there a demand to bring it under “office of profit”?
संसदीय सचिव की भूमिका की रुपरेखा दीजिए. इसको ‘लाभ के पद’ में लाने की मांग क्यों उठी है?
In UPSC mains GS2, under the “separation of powers” topic, so far they focused on judiciary vs. other branches only. This particular case is about separation of powers between legislature and executive.
office of profit and parliamentary Secretary

ML16/GSM2: Polity- Direct Mayor system in ULBs, Private Member’s Bill- merits of

Q. Examine the merits of introducing directly elected Mayor system in all urban local bodies all over India.
भारत की सभी शहरी स्थानीय निकायों में सीधे चुनाव से महापौर स्थापित करने के प्रस्ताव की योग्यता का परिक्षण करे.
In news because 1) Shashi Tharoor’s private member’s bill want this 2) Jayalalitha wants opposite in Tamilnadu.
Q. Discuss the significance of “Private members bill” in legislative system of  India.
गैर-सरकारी सदस्यों बिल का भारतीय संसदीय प्रणाली में क्या महत्त्व है. चर्चा कीजिए.
direct election of Mayor in India
In news because Shashi Tharoor is enthusiastically laying down one bill after another in the parliament!

ML16/GSM2: Polity- Regulatory Bodies: Algo-Trading vs SEBI, MCI vs NMC?

Q. What is Algo-trading? Examine the need of regulatory oversight on it? Suggest any other novel methods to curb its misuse.
कलनविधि व्यापार क्या है? क्या इसपर विनियामक निरिक्षण की जरूरत है? इस व्यापर के दुरूपयोग को रोकने के लिए, ओर नवीन-उपाय सुजाए.
In news because SEBI received complains about big brokers in NSE using such automated systems to place orders in sharemarket to corner all good deals and manipulate prices.
Q. Examine critically the proposal to replace MCI with National Medical Commission. What else should be done to address lacunas in medical education of India.
utube-ml16-gsm2-polity-5
MCI को नेशनल मेडिकल कमिशन द्वारा बदलने के सुजाव की समालोचनात्मक परीक्षा कीजिए. इसके अलावा भारत की चिकित्सा शिक्षामें रही कमीओ सुधारने के लिए और क्या करना चाहिए?
In news after NITI Ayog report recommending a new statutory body- NMC.

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