[GS2] Department of Personnel & Training, Vigilance: functions, United Nations Convention against Corruption, fodder points for GS4

[GS2] Department of Personnel & Training, Vigilance: functions, United Nations Convention against Corruption, fodder points for GS4

  1. Prologue
  2. Functions of Pension department
  3. Pensioners’ Portal
  4. Functions of DoPT
    1. Recruitment /Appointment boards
    2. Recruiting agency vs Personnel agency
    3. Reservation in recruitment
    4. Training
    5. Administrative Vigilance
    6. UNCAC
    7. Integrity Pact
    8. Stability of Tenure
    9. Commercial Employment
    10. RTI related work
    11. Joint Consultative Machinery (JCM)
    12. BOARD OF ARBITRATION (BOA)
    13. Administrative Tribunals
    14. Employee transfer to successor states
    15. STAFF WELFARE
  5. Fodder Points: Vigilance/HRM
    1. Vigilance: How to improve?
    2. HRM in Govt jobs: Obstacles
    3. Best Talent: How to attract?
    4. Training: How to improve?
    5. Performance: How to boost?
  6. ICT initiatives in recruiting agencies
  7. Cadre transfer
  8. Ranks in Central secretariat services
  9. Mock Questions

Prologue

UPSC SYLLABUS TOPICS IN THIS ARTICLE
(GS2) Ministries and Departments of the Government
  1. Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT)
  2. Department of Pensions & Pensioners’ Welfare
(GS2) e-governance: applications
  1. Pensioners’ Portal
(GS2) transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  1. Integrity Pact by CVC
  2. CVOs in Multi State Societies
  3. United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)
(GS4) accountability and ethical governance. strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance
  1. lot of fodder points

+Same topics also relevant for Public Administration Syllabus.

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. Has three departments.

  1. Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG)
  2. Department of Pensions & Pensioners’ Welfare (DOP&PW)
  3. Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT)

In the previous article we saw the first department. In this article, we see the remaining two departments.

Functions of Pension department

  1. Formulates general policy on pension-retirement benefits: Invalid Pension/ Disability Pension/Family Pension/ etc.
  2. Grievance redressal for pension-retirement benefits.
  3. Implements 6th Pay commission’s recommendations for pensioners. On a related note: Chindu announced 7th Pay commission, it’ll be implemented from with effect from 1.1.2016.

Pensioners’ Portal

  • Under National e-Governance Plan there are many “Mission Mode Projects”
  • One such Mission Mode Projects= ‘Pensioners’ Portal’ (pensionersportal.gov.in)
  • Falls under this department, gives following services:
  1. Database of pensioners.
  2. Online calculation for pension, family pension, etc.
  3. Pensioners can register their complaints/grievances online and seek redressal.

Anyways, the importance of Pension department has declined because all the AIS and central service employees recruited after 1-1-2004 fall under the New Pension Scheme (NPS)

Functions of DoPT

  1. Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT) is the Nodal agency of the Government of India for personnel polices- their formulation and implementation- Promotion, seniority, leave travel concession (LTC), deputation, child care leave, pay & allowances, holiday policy, age relaxation, reservation policy etc.
  2. Reservation policy in public services: formation and implementation
  3. Personnel matters of:
    • Three All India services (IAS, IPS, IFS Forest).
      1. DoPT is the cadre controlling authority for IAS.
      2. DOPT frames rules for Indian Police Service (IPS) and India Forest Service (IFS), in consultation with the home ministry and Environment ministry respectively.
    • Three Secretariat Services:
      1. Central Secretariat Services (CSS)
      2. Central Secretariat Stenographers’ Services (CSSS)
      3. Central Secretariat Clerical Services (CSCS).
  4. Places of Successful candidates to various Services/Cadres
  5. Training/ Capacity Building
  6. Administrative vigilance- Maintaining staff discipline, removing corruption.
  7. R.T.I related policies and implementation
  8. Strengthening Administrative Tribunals.
  9. Joint Consultative Machinery.
  10. Welfare of Central Government Employees.
  11. Bills framed by DOPT:
    • Right to Information bill (which later became act in 2005)
    • Lokpal Bill
    • Protection of Whistle-blower Bill
    • Foreign Bribery Bill

Recruitment /Appointment boards

DoPT coordinates with following:

UPSC
  • Constitutional body set up under Article 315 of the Constitution.
  • functions listed in Art 320 of the Constitution
SSC
  • executive body, setup by Resolution of the Government
  • it has the status of an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training
  • HQ:Delhi and 09 Regional/Sub Regional offices located at different parts of the country.
  • Regional/Sub-Regional offices look after
    • receipt and processing of applications for various examinations,
    • issue of admit cards to the candidates and conduct of examinations,
    • Interviews and physical endurance tests  either at the Regional Headquarters or other major cities in the regions.
PSEB
  • PUBLIC ENTERPRISES SELECTION BOARD (PESB)
  • For recruitment of Chairman, MD, Directors of Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSU).
Civil Services Board
  • Chaired by the Cabinet Secretary.
  • For appointments of Deputy Secretary, Director and Joint Secretary under the Central Staffing Scheme.

Recruiting agency vs Personnel agency

UPSC Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT)
Central recruiting agency Central personnel agency
Constitutional body executive body
Conducts the civil service exam for the recruitment of three All India Services (IAS, IPS, IFoS) and other group A, group B officers in central services. No
  • Not concerned with salary, service condition, cadre-management, training etc.
  • It merely conducts the exam, prepares the merit list and forwards it to government.
Looks after these ‘personnel’ matters.
  • You can see we’ve two different organizations working for recruitment + personnel matters.
  • but in Japan, they’ve only one organization “National Personnel Authority(NPA)” it is responsible for both recruitment + personnel matters.
  • Food for thought: Should UPSC +DoPT combined? Yes/No/Why?

Reservation in recruitment

  • Article 335: Claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with maintenance of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of a State.
  • DoPT is responsible for implementing this reservation policy in government recruitment.
  • SC|ST|OBC=15|7.5|27
  • In case of direct recruitment to Groups C and D posts
    • percentage of reservation for SCs and STs is generally fixed in proportion to the population of SCs and STs in the respective States/UTs
    • reservation for OBCs in such cases is fixed keeping in view their proportion in the population of the State/UT and that it is not more than 27%
  • Total reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs does not exceed the limit of 50% (for all India services and Central Services).

Reservation in promotion

  • There is no reservation for OBCs in the matter of promotion.
  • 1992: Indra Sawhney case, SC says promotion in reservation is unconstitutional.
  • 1995: the central government had amended the Constitution and inserted Article 16(4A).  This provided for reservation in promotions for SC/ST.
  • Related topics
    • SC, ST promotion quota in Uttar Pradesh (click me for Indianexpress article)
    • 117th Constitutional amendment bill 2012, by Personnel Ministry (click me for PRSIndia summary)

Reservation for minorities

  • Government had decided to carve out a sub-quota of 4.5 per cent for minorities, from within the 27% reservation for OBCs for education and government jobs, including IITs.
  • This was to come in effect from the 1st January, 2012. But Andhra HC had struck it down and SC refused to give stay order on Andhra HC’s decision.

Reservation for PH

Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (PWD Act) provides minimum 3% reservation for persons with disability.

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