[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: General Studies Paper 4- Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude (GS4)

Analysis UPSC Mains Ethics 2014

[Download] UPSC Mains-2014: General Studies Paper 4- Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude (GS4)

  1. 2014 Ethics paper: Types of questions
  2. 2013 vs. 2014 trend
  3. Instructions for Mains Ethics 2014 paper
    1. SECTION—A (Bol-bachchan Questions) 130m
    2. SECTION—B (Stupid case studies) 120m
      1. Case: Environment degradation (20m)
      2. Case: Ethics not essential (20m)
      3. Case: Bogus rape complaint (20m)
      4. Case: give bribe or end career (20m)
      5. Case: disillusioned UPSC topper (20m)
      6. Case: Why villagers migrate? (20m)
  4. Question Paper: HINDI medium & linear format
  5. Bogus marketing propaganda

2014 Ethics paper: Types of questions

Analysis UPSC Mains Ethics 2014

2014’s paper was littered with Corruption themed questions

  • Many candidates couldn’t complete the paper on time, or had to compromise with content or quality in the last 3-4 questions.
  • Many found the paper to be boring and tedious because ~40-50% of the paper centered on just single theme of ‘corruption-probity’, so they had to repeat and recycle the same points throughout paper.
Type Question Marks
Personal opinion or experience
  1. What does happiness mean to you?
  2. How do you apply teachings of an eminent personality?
  3. How will you improve your ethical competence?
  4. How will you make yourself trustworthy?
  5. Patriotism in civilian life?
term elaboration
  1. Why ethics important?
  2. Why probity difficult?
Proverbs / Quotes
  1. integrity vs. knowledge
  2. means vs. ends
Economy related
  1. feasible strategies for sustainable Development
  2. why people migrate
Corruption related
  1. case1: your friend preparing UPSC
  2. case2: Rameshwar the uptight UPSC topper.
  3. case3: no bribe no contract.
  4. case4: corrupt subordinates file bogus rape complaint against you.
  5. Poverty leads to corruption?
  6. Meaning of accountability in public service?
Social problems
  1. Caste system and contrasting attitudes
  2. How to stop sexual-violence against women
total 250

UPSC Mains Ethics Paper (GS4): 2013 vs. 2014

Comparison of 2013 and 2014’s papers
2013 2014
In this Ethics paper, UPSC didn’t follow uniform word length rule (i.e. 1 mark=20 words). Instead, for some questions 10 marks=150 words, for others 200 words and so on. There is one case study even requiring 300 words for 25 marks.
  • Uniform rules followed.
  • Every descriptive question worth 10 marks and 150 words.
  • Every case study worth 250 words.
you’re asked to comment on quotes by great thinkers- Gandhi, Lincoln, Aristotle Quotes are given but no specific thinker name given.
Six Case studies worth 125 marks. Six case studies but marks reduced to 120.
“Term vs definition” type questions for five marks each. 10 marks shortnotes on importance of ethics and obstacles against probity.
25% of questions were copied from the sample paper uploaded by UPSC, before mains. from the same sample paper, UPSC asked following questions:

  1. Which great Indian personality has inspired you the most as a role model….? 10 marks.
favorite theme of “finish on Deadline” and “reporting sick” questions found in both CSAT decision making as well as Mains case studies. At least that lunacy is over. No questions or case studies on finish deadline or report sick. But then again, it’s now replaced with ‘corruption’ themed questions and case studies.
You’re CEO, your marketing guy doing sexual harassment of a colleague. Yourself facing a bogus sexual harassment complaint.

Instructions for Mains Ethics 2014 paper

  1. Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 250
  2. QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS (Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions)
  3. There are FOURTEEN questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
  4. All questions are compulsory.
  5. The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
  6. Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.
  7. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
  8. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
  9. Answer questions in NOT MORE than the word limit specified for each in the parenthesis. Content of the answer is more important than its length.

SECTION—A (Bol-bachchan Questions) 130m

Each of the following question is worth 10 marks and 150 words.

  1. All human beings aspire for happiness. Do you agree? What does happiness mean to you? Explain with examples.
  2. What does ethics seek to promote in human life? Why is it all the more important in public administration?
  3. In the context of defence services, ‘patriotism’ demands readiness to even lay down one’s life in protecting the nation. According to you, what does patriotism imply in everyday civil life? Explain with illustrations and justify your answer.
  4. What do you understand by ‘probity’ in public life? What are the difficulties in practicing it in the present times? How can these difficulties be overcome?
  5. “Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, but knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.” What do you understand by this statement? Explain your stand with illustrations from the modern context.
  6. “Human beings should always be treated as ‘ends’ in themselves and never as merely `means’.” Explain the meaning and significance of this statement, giving its implications in the modern techno-economic society.
  7. Which eminent personality has inspired you the most in the context of ethical conduct in life? Give the gist of his/her teachings giving specific examples, describe how you have been able to apply these teachings for your own ethical development.
  8. There is a heavy ethical responsibility on the public servants because they occupy positions of power, handle huge amounts of public funds, and their decisions have wide-ranging impact on society and environment. What steps have you taken to improve your ethical competence to handle such responsibility?
  9. The current society is plagued with widespread trust-deficit. What are the consequences of this situation for personal well-being and for societal well-being? What can you do at the personal level to make yourself trustworthy?
  10. It is often said that poverty leads to corruption. However, there is no dearth of instances where affluent and powerful people indulge in corruption in a big way. What are the basic causes of corruption among people? Support your answer with examples.
  11. What factors affect the formation of a person’s attitude towards social problems? In our society, contrasting attitudes are prevalent about many social problems. What contrasting attitudes do you notice about the caste system in our society? How do you explain the existence of these contrasting attitudes?
  12. What does ‘accountability’ mean in the context of public service? What measures can be adopted to ensure individual and collective accountability of public servants?
  13. We are witnessing increasing instances of sexual violence against women in the country. Despite existing legal provisions against it, the number of such incidences is on the rise. Suggest some innovative measures to tackle this menace.

SECTION—B (Stupid case studies) 120m

Case: Environment degradation (20m)

Now-a-days, there is an increasing thrust on economic development all around the globe. At the same time, there is also an increasing concern about environmental degradation caused by development. Many a time, we face a direct conflict between developmental activity and environmental quality. It is neither feasible to stop or curtail the development process, nor it is advisable to keep degrading the environment, as it threatens our very survival.

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