[Download] General Studies Paper4: Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude, 20% repeat questions from UPSC’s own sample paper

UPSC-Mains-General-Studies-GS-Paper4

[Download] General Studies Paper4: Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude, 20% repeat questions from UPSC’s own sample paper

  1. Prologue
  2. Repeated Qs. from official sample paper!
  3. Section 1: theory/definitions [125m]
    1. #1: Term/Definition based questions (35m)
    2. #2: Personal opinion/Experience based (40m)
    3. #3: Quote Based Questions (50m)
  4. Section-B Case Studies [125m]
    1. Case#1: RTI: To hide or not to hide (20m|250w)
    2. Case#2: Engineer: Bogus flyover vs deadline (20m|250w)
    3. Case#3: Child Labourers in Sivakasi (25m|300w)
    4. Case#4: Nepotism in Job recruitment (20m|250w)
    5. Case#5: Leaking information
    6. Case#6: Sexual Harassment (20m|250w)
  5. GS4 Ethics Question Paper: Original Scan / Hindi Medium
  6. Bogus marketing propaganda

Prologue

  • For UPSC Mains-2013 Question pears: GS1 click me; for GS2 click me; GS3 click me; GS4 given here.
  • In this Ethics paper, UPSC didn’t follow uniform word length rule (i.e. 1 mark=20 words). Instead, for some questions 10 marks=150 words, for others 200 words and so on. There is one case study even requiring 300 words for 25 marks.
  • Although question paper had section (A) and section (B). All questions compulsory.
  • 6 case studies worth total 125 marks, meaning half of the paper is case studies.
  • No “theoretical” mumbo-jumbo about Socrates or plato’s world view etc. UPSC simply gave quotes and asked you to write about. So in a way just another set of essays.
  • And here too, Gandhi prem continues just like the Essay Paper– This time, his quote related to sustainable development.

Repeated Qs. from official sample paper!

In August 2013, UPSC had released a sample paper on Ethics, click me. From that paper, UPSC directly lifted some question worth ~50 marks. Observe:

sample paper Mains 2013 paper marks
case study: sexual harassment victim lady gives you written complaint Similar case but instead of giving written complaint, she resigns from the job itself. 20
write on following terms

  1. Spirit of service
  2. Commitment
  3. Perseverance
  4. Intellectual integrity
following terms:

  1. Spirit of service
  2. Commitment
  3. perseverance
  4. Integrity
3×4=12
Indicate two more attributes which you consider very important for public servants. Justify your answer. Indicate two more attributes which you consider very important for “public service”. Justify your answer 10
What do you understand by ‘Ethical Human Conduct’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent? What do you understand by ‘values’ and ‘ethics’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent? 10
total out of 250 52 marks

Thus, ~20% of the paper is repeat questions. And, If we drag the decision making case studies from CSAT prelim papers, let’s see how it evolves:

prelim case study/decision making Mains 2013 Case studies marks
prelim 2013:You’re setting up university paper- and your colleague wants to leak it for his son. This colleague gave favours earlier. You work in finance ministry and know some secret information. A contractor wants this info, and he has done good job for government earlier. 20
Prelim 2011, 2012: multiple case studies involving ‘project deadlines’. one of the option would involve “escape by reporting sick” Similar “deadline” issue here: the only new catch is that you found flyover is defective quality but juntaa wants is quickly opened, to reduce traffic congestion. Here too you’re given option to “report sick.” 20

in other words, 3 out of the 6 case studies are within  familiar areas.

Anyways, let’s see the paper:

UPSC-Mains-General-Studies-GS-Paper4

Section 1: theory/definitions [125m]

#1: Term/Definition based questions (35m)

  1. What do you understand by ‘values’ and ‘ethics’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent? (10 marks | 150 words)
  2. What do you understand by the following terms in the context of public service? (5 terms x 3 marks each=15 marks |250 words)
    1. Integrity
    2. Perseverance
    3. Spirit of service
    4. Commitment
    5. Courage of conviction
  3. What is ’emotional intelligence’ and how can it be developed in people? How does it help an individual in taking ethical decisions? (10 marks | 150 words)

#2: Personal opinion/Experience based (40m)

  1. Indicate two more** attributes which you consider important for public service. Justify your answer. (10 marks |100 words) [(**other than those five earlier mentioned- integrity, perseverance etc.)
  2. Some people feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others strongly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (10 marks | 150 words)
  3. What do you understand by the term ‘voice of conscience’? How do you prepare yourself to heed to the voice of conscience? (10 marks| 150 words)
  4. What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? Narrate one incident in your life when you were faced with such a crisis and how you resolved the same. (10 marks| 150 words)

#3: Quote Based Questions (50m)

  1. Given below are three quotations of great moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these quotations, bring out what it means to you in the present context: (each quote for 10 marks and 150 words=total 30 marks)
    1. “There is enough on this earth for every one’s need but for no one’s greed.” Mahatma Gandhi.
    2. “Nearly all men can withstand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.”—Abraham Lincoln
    3. “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies.”—Aristotle
  2. “The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life? (10 marks| 150 words)
  3. It is often said that ‘politics’ and ‘ethics’ do not go together. What is your opinion in this regard? Justify your answer with illustrations. (10 marks| 150 words)

Section-B Case Studies [125m]

total six case studies worth total 125 marks.

Case#1: RTI: To hide or not to hide (20m|250w)

In the following questions, carefully study the cases presented and then answer the questions that follow:

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