[Download] Anthropology Optional Subject Paper 1 & 2 of UPSC Civil Service IAS IPS Mains Exam 2013Devendra Vishwakarma
- Anthropology Paper 1: Section A
- Anthropology Paper I: Section-B
- Anthropology Paper 2: Section A
- Anthropology Paper II Section B
- There are EIGHT questions divided in Two Section, Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Question no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.
- Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.
- 250 marks | 3 hours.
Anthropology Paper 1: Section A
Q.1 Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 =50
- How do you situate Anthropology in Social Sciences?
- Various types of descent
- Linguistic Anthropology
- Carbon-14 method of dating
Q.2: 20-15-15 (250 words each)
- Why has the concept of Culture Relativism been so dear to Anthropologies?
- Bring out the distinguishing features of culture and civilization.
- Where do you situate ‘live-in relationship’ within the institution of marriage?
- Discuss the impact of globalization on tribal economy. 20m|350 words
- In what ways is Functionalism different from Structural Functionalism? 20m|350 words
- Differentiate between Economics and Economic Anthropology.10m|150 words
Q.4: 20-15-15 (250 words each)
- Discuss the impact of urbanization and feminist movement on family.
- Bring out the contribution of Turner and Geertz in symbolic and interpretive theories in Anthropology.
- How does taboo serve as a means of social control?
Anthropology Paper I: Section-B
Q.5: 150 words each 10 x 5 =50
- Role of primatology in Anthropological studies.
- Differentiation between Child Growth and Development.
- Ageing and Senescene
- Twin method in human genetics
- Demographic transition
Q.6: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)
- Give a broad outline of Patheolithic culture emphasizing upon its tool technology.
- What do you understand by ‘Genetic Load’ in a population? How is it measured and what are the important factors that can influence it?
- Justify “Though human growth is under tight genetic control but it is influenced by various environmental factors.”
Q.7: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)
- Discuss the relevance of Case Study method of data collection.
- Elaborate upon major human adaptations to heat and cold.
- What are genetic markers and what is their usefulness?Why are blood groups considered as good genetic markers?Illustrate with examples.
Q.8: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)
- Discuss how Neo-Darwinism integrated the fields of Genetics and Evolution.
- What is meant by epidemiological transition?Elaborate upon its causes and consequences highlighting major health problems of our adult population today.
- Differentiate between Race and Racism.What are three major races of the world ?Give important biological criteria used frequently for such a classification.
Anthropology Paper 2: Section A
Q1: 150 words each x 10 marks x 5 questions = 50 marks.
- Sufi tradition of Islam
- Threat to tribal languages in India.
- Examine the debates related to Ramapithecus.
- Discuss how Louis Dumont explained caste system.
- Discuss salient features of mesolithic culture in India with special reference to western India.
Q2: 15-15-20 marks
- Examine Nature-man spirit complex as an ecological concept.
- Indian Paleolithic culture can neither be conceived chronologically homogeneous nor as a unfiorm cultural phase.-Discuss.
- Discuss the significance of study of religious centres to the understanding of Indian civilization.
- Examine the anthropological contributions dealing with tribes and Indian civilization.
- What is Jajmani system?Examine the views on Jajmani system as an egalitarian as well as exploitative system.Give reasons for its decline.
Q4: 15-15-20 (250 words)
- Indian farmers are not slow to react to economic opportunities.-Discuss this statement.
- Examine the criticisms on the concept of dominant caste.
- Discuss the contributions of H.D.Sankalia to prehistoric anthropology in India.
Anthropology Paper II Section B
Q5. 150 words each x 10 marks x 5 questions = 50 marks.
- Government Action towards Left Wing Extremism.
- Role of Gramasabha under PESA.
- Impacts of sanctuaries and national parks on tribal populations.
- Linguistic classification of Indian tribes.
- Ethnic movements in India.
Q6: 20-15-15 marks
- Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule of the constitution are built on the foundations laid by the colonial Government. discuss.
- Discuss the significance of cultural and administrative factors in tribal development.
- Examine the impacts of green revolution on rural poor.
Q7: 20-15-15 marks
- Discuss the criticism levelled against anthropology in the context of ‘Isolation,and assimilation debate’on tribal populations.
- Assess the contributions of early 20th century ethnographic tradition to Indian anthropology.
- Discuss how British policies dispossessed tribals of their communal properties and agricultural lands.
Q8: 20-15-15 marks
- Discuss the alternatives for shifting cultivators in the context of ecological costs and humanistic concerns.
- Examine the impact of non-tribal contact on socio-cultural institutions of tribal people with suitable examples.
- Discuss the Social disabilities suffered by scheduled castes.