[Culture] Indian Art Architecture and Painting Schools (Mindmap cum note)

Indian Art Architecture Bundi school

[Culture] Indian Art Architecture and Painting Schools (Mindmap cum note)

This is a note cum mindmap on Indian Art Architecture is shared by a regular reader who wishes to remain anonymous. If you want to contribute any more data in this topic, please share it in comments!
  1. Gandhara Art
  2. Rajput painting
  3. Saranatha pillar
  4. Gopurum
  5. Vijayanagara art
  6. Bundi School Of Painting
  7. Sunga art
  8. Kangra school of painting
  9. Manjusha Art
  10. Madhubani Art
  11. Kishangarh school of painting
  12. Rock-cut temple
  13. Mathura school of art
  14. Chola architecture
  15. Kulu School
  16. Chaitya
  17. nagara style of architecture
  18. Chandella School Of Arch
  19. Dravadian Architecture
  20. Mughal painting
  21. Mughal Architecture
  22. Effect Of Islamic Rulers on India Architecture
  23. HINDUSTAN MUSIC
  24. Carnatic music
  25. Ahmadiya movement
  26. Mindmap

Gandhara Art

Greco-Buddhist art

  • the hand of a Greek but the head and heart of an Indian.
  • the basic urge, imagery and iconography remained Indian
  • north-west
  • west-asia settled here
  • lotus throne
  • central Asian fashion

Rajput painting

  • depict a number of themes, events of epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, Krishna’s life
  • but many paintings were done on the walls of palaces, inner chambers of the forts,
  • colours were extracted from certain minerals, plant sources, conch shells, and were even derived by processing precious stones
  • emerged from Persian miniature painting

Saranatha pillar

  • lion capital = national emblem
  • four lions are seated back to back
  • UP:
    • column = same place
    • lion capital = sarnatha museum
  • @ ashoka column
  • ashoka chakra = indian flag

Gopurum

  • monumental tower, entrance, southern india
  • pallavas
  • shrine has more than one
  • tamil meaning = king and exterior
  • urban nodes and focal points

Vijayanagara art

  • religious, courtly and civic
  • comb = hoysala, pandya, chola
  • granite, sandstone and plaster

Bundi School Of Painting

Indian Art Architecture Bundi school

  • major cultural hub in the city of Bundi, Rajasthan
  • Mewar School, the School of Painting
  • uman figures have a unique expression
  • red-brown color

Sunga art

  • stupas at sanchi
  • expansion of mathura school
  • sculpture not in bold relief
  • male/female large ornaments
  • no emotions
  • eyeballas conspicuous

Kangra school of painting

  • Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
  • @ Pahari painting school
  • greenery
  • naturalistic
  • plants and creepers, leafless trees
  • colors made of vegetable and mineral extract

Manjusha Art

  • Manjushas are temple-shaped boxes
  • ade of bamboo,jute and paper
  • Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Tarai area of the Nepal
  • Manjusha Art is one of the very old and historically very important Art

Madhubani Art

  • Mithila painting
  • region of Bihar state
  • using natural dyes and pigment
  • paintings for each occasion and festival such as birth, marriage, holi
  • aditionally by the women of villages
  • paste of powdered rice
  • mostly depict nature and Hindu religious motifs

Kishangarh school of painting

  • elongation of human faces
  • Portrayal of Radha and Krishna
  • Bani Thani.
  • labeled as India’s “Mona Lisa”

Rock-cut temple

  • mostly religious in nature
  • When Buddhist missionaries arrived they naturally gravitated to caves
  • suited to their natural inclinations
  • A rock cut temple is carved from a large rock and excavated and cut
  • ellora, kailash

Mathura school of art

  • ancient
  • kushanas
  • city of mathura
  • hinduism, jainism and buddhism
  • first Buddha images
  • Sarnath, Sravasti Rajgir
  • school excelled in Yaksha (Male)
  • lion throne Indian dresses

Chola architecture

  • tamil dynasty
  • famous for tamil lit + art and archi
  • Pallava style
  • sanctum = square + circular
  • stone and metal scrip
  • gopurams

Kulu School

  • style of painting
  • is one of the prominent examples of centres of pahari school of painting in india.

Chaitya

  • buddhist or jain shrine including a stupa
  • holding devotees
  • providing shelter
  • roman = column + arch
  • ajanta, ellora

Nagara style of architecture

  • hindu temple archi
  • elevation convex curve
  • plan square shape
  • projections of plan are carried to top

Chandella School Of Arch

  • diff from other dynasties
  • contemporary : khajuraho temple and lakes

Dravadian Architecture

  • southern part
  • developed for about 10 centuries
  • Chola domination was the golden age for Dravidian Architecture
  • Northeastern Sri Lanka, Maldives, and various parts of Southeast Asia
  • Vimanam, Mandapams,Gopurams

Mughal painting

  • emerged from Persian miniature painting
  • blending of Persian and Indian ideas
  • greater interest in realistic portraiture
  • Animals and plants were also more realistically shown

Mughal Architecture

  • at fatehpur sikri synthesis of various regional schools of architectural
  • islamic, hindu and jain
  • Sikri sandstone
  • Buland Darwaza, jama masjid, Tomb of Salim Chishti, panch mahal

Effect Of Islamic Rulers on India Architecture

  • use of shapes (instead of natural forms)
  • decorative lettering or calligraphy
  • inlay decoration and use of coloured marble
  • all spaces were spanned by means of horizontal beams
  • concept of arch or dome was not invented by the Muslims
  • borrowed architectural styles of the post-Roman period
  • put to use certain scientific and mechanical formulae
  • were typical mortar-masonry works formed of dressed stones
  • religious=Mosques and Tombs
  • secular=palaces and forts
  • masjid
    • open courtyard surrounded by a pillared verandah
    • crowned off with a dome
    • mihrab indicates the direction of the qibla for prayer
  • tomb
    • maqbara =  maqbara refers to the graves of all Muslims, it refers especially to the graves (Raula or Rauza) of religious figures or Waliyullahs who dedicated their life to Islam
    • qabr = normal muslim person
    • dargah = In Asian countries, maqbara also refers to the Dargah of Waliyullahs, Sufis, Sheikhs, Imams
  • three sections
    1. delhi or imperial
    2. provincial
      1. jaunpur
      2. deccan
    3. mughal

HINDUSTAN MUSIC

  • north india
  • persian influence
  • khyal =modern
  • dhrupad = oldest, still in use

Carnatic music

  • one of the two major systems
  • melody based not harmony
  • gives equal importance to melody and rhythm
  • fine blend of science and art
  • concerts are generally solo or duet

Ahmadiya movement

  • Islamic reformist
  • Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  • view themselves as leading the revival and peaceful propagation of Islam
  • earliest Muslim communities to arrive in Britain and other Western countries
  • Most mainstream Muslims consider both Ahmadi movements to be non-Muslim and heretical

Mindmap

This mindmap is contributed by Syed Waseem Pasha. click on following image

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