[Answerkey] Environment, Biodiversity & Geography Questions UPSC CPF/CAPF 2012 All booklets

[Answerkey] Environment, Biodiversity & Geography Questions UPSC CPF/CAPF 2012 All booklets

  1. Environment and Biodiversity
  2. Geography:internal breakup
  3. Physical Geography
  4. World Geography
  5. Indian Geography

Environment and Biodiversity

1. Consider the following statements :

  1. The Planning Commission of India in its environment performance report, released on 26th July, 2012, ranked Himachal Pradesh as top State in the country on environmental performance index.
  2. The World Bank approved an 1100 crore rupees loan for Himachal Pradesh to promote green initiatives and sustain­able development in the State.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
1 correct http://hillpost.in/2012/07/27/planning-commission-hands-himachal-top-rank-in-environmental-performance/47189/tourism/ravinder
2 is correct http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-07-28/developmental-issues/32906322_1_world-bank-loan-sq-km

Both statements are correct. Answer (C)

Note: planning Commission in its report in Oct 2012 had ranked Uttarakhand as top performing state but the question is related to July 2012 report –at that time HP was #1.

2. Green Muffler is

  1. a technology for reducing air pollution
  2. a method of afforestation
  3. plantation along roadsides to reduce noise pollution
  4. a process to reduce vibration

Green muffler scheme involves the growing green plants along roadsides to reduce noise pollution.

Answer is (C)

3. statements

  1. Ecomark Is a certification mark issued by the Bureau of Indian Standard for the product conforming to a set of standards, aimed at the least impact on Ecosystem.
  2. The purpose of the mark is in increase awareness among the consumers towards reducing environmental impact.
  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither

Both statements are correct according to wiki. Answer (C)

4. Which one among the following not a greenhouse gas?

  1. Methane
  2. Ozone
  3. Chlorofluorocarbon
  4. Sulphur dioxide

Sulphur dioxide is not a greenhouse gas so answer is (D)

5. Which one among the following is not a goal of National Action Plan for Climate Change?

  1. To promote the development and use of solar energy
  2. To reduce energy consumption through supply side management
  3. Afforestation of degraded forest lands
  4. Improvement in water-use efficiency through pricing and other measures

Statement B is not correct because it aim to reduce energy consumption through demand-side management programs.

Answer is (B)

6. You placed a car in an open parking area in a summer day. After a few hours, you noticed that the heat is trapped inside the car. This phenomenon is known as

  1. ozone depletion
  2. greenhouse effect
  3. solar effect
  4. cosmic ray impingement

Answer is (B)

7. Which one among the statements is not correct?

  1. Eastern Himalayas and Western Ghats are the two biodiversity hot spots in India
  2. Central American lowland and highland forests are identified as biodiversity hot spots
  3. The biodiversity hot spots an mostly confined to the tropical and subtropical areas of  the world
  4. The South-East asian islands are not rich In biodiversity.

Statement D is false because S.E. Asian islands are very rich in marine biodiversity due to coral-reefs.

8. Which of the following statements about National Green Tribunal is/are correct?

  1. It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environ­mental disputes involving multidisciplinary issues.
  2. The Tribunal shall be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both
  4. None

It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.  http://envfor.nic.in/modules/recent-initiatives/NGT/

Ans is (A)

9. Consider these statements

  1. Creepers or climbers are commonly found in tropical rain forests
  2. Epiphytes, which donot have their roots in the ground, survive in the trees in tropical rain forest.
  3. All epiphytes are not creepers

Find correct statements.

  1. 123
  2. 23
  3. 12
  4. 3 only

All of them are correct, according to random google search. Answer is (A)

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