A Unique way to learn Vocab: To Iran, Central Asia and beyondDEVENDRA VISHWAKARMA
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Here we are with our next article based on current news which contains some difficult words, we will highlight and explain those words in order to improve your vocabulary skills and to have a good command on English language section. Hope this will help you with your preparation.
Article : To Iran, Central Asia and beyond
Source : Economic Times
India and Iran have signed a $500-million agreement to build a port in Chabahar, on Iran’s southern coast. Well done, now go ahead and just do it. This is a project hanging fire from 2003, when India, Iran and Afghanistan signed a three-party agreement to construct a port — and a road — that would connect India to Iran, and thereafter, to energy-rich Central Asia. By 2009, New Delhi had built a 218-km-long highway from Zaranj to Delaram, connecting northern Iran to Afghanistan. This connects to the Kandahar – Herat highway and, for a while, was imagined to be a connecting link between western India and Iran’s southern coast and thereafter to the heart of Central Asia. Yet, hobbled by many things, including American sanctions on Iran and New Delhi’s lethargy, the crucial connecting link — a seaport in Chabahar — languished.
The global climate now is much more conducive to an India-Iran project than before. After nearly 18 months of sustained effort, US President Barack Obama formally scrapped the 37-year-old sanction regime on Iran in January this year. The curbs were imposed in 1979, immediately after the Islamic revolution that brought Ayatollah Khomeini to power.
India tiptoed around the curbs for decades. Now we can proudly come out of the closet. The highway is not just a symbol of our sincerity, but an example of the multilateral benefits that bilateral cooperation can achieve. It is probably premature to count the gains from building Chabahar port. Analysts are busily comparing it as a counterweight to the China-funded Gwadar port in south Pakistan or Beijing’s gradual takeover of the docks in Colombo. This can be hyperbole, but New Delhi must execute this dormant project for future gains that are real even if not amenable to firm estimates. Countries that have been trying to isolate Iran will bristle at India’s cooperation with Iran. New Delhi has presumably taken this into account while embarking on this project. Mumbai to Chabahar is a shorter distance than from Mumbai to Delhi. Establishing a short trade route to Iran and Central Asia will prove a vital asset as India continues to grow.
Meaning of the words highlighted in the article
1. Hanging (noun) – the practice of hanging condemned people as a form of capital punishment – फांसी
Synonyms – beetling, drooping
Ex: Her enormous figure stood erect, her powerful arms hanging down (she had handed her reticule to the countess), and only her stern but handsome face really joined in the dance.
2. Hobbled (verb) – walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury – लंगड़ाना
Synonym – falter, halt
Antonym – continue, free
Ex: As she watched, the creature rose and hobbled from the desk to a nearby shelf.
3. Lethargy– (noun) – a lack of energy and enthusiasm – सुस्ती
Synonym – apathy, disinterest
Antonym – action, awakening
Ex: Very large doses in animals cause lethargy, collapse and death.
4. Languished (verb) – (of a person, animal, or plant) lose or lack vitality; grow weak – निस्तेज
Synonym – deteriorate, dwindle
Antonym – build, develop
Ex: If Congress allows the budget bill to languish on the shelf, then the country will find itself in a financial crisis.
5. Conducive (adjective) – making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible – अनुकूल