English Master Series Day – 23

English Grammar

English Master Series Day – 23

Dear aspirants,

Here we are with our twenty-third module of English Master Series. Hope this will surely help you with your English Language preparation. Here in this Module we will study about Tricks of Conjunction – II .

English Grammar

MODULE-23

TRICKS OF CONJUNCTION – II

Rule 9

Note: If/ when is not followed by then.

Ex:

  • When I come, then, I will meet you. (incorrect)
  • When I come, I will meet you. (correct)

Similarly ‘since / as / because’ are not followed by ‘so / therefore’.

Ex: Since I was ill, I could not come.

Note: ‘As you sow, so shall you reap’(a phrase where as is followed by so)

Rule 10

  • No sooner…….than
  • Hardly……when
  • Scarcely……..when

Note: Always use the pair.

Ex:

  • No sooner did he see me, when he ran away. (Replace when by than).
  • No sooner had the thief seen the police then he ran away.(Replace then by than)
  • Hardly I saw him when I stopped my car. (incorrect)
  • Hardly did I see him when I stopped my car. (correct)

Rule 11

  • Lest……..Should
  • ……or……
  • ……..otherwise…….

Use the correct pair

  • Run fast lest you will miss the train. (incorrect)
  • Run fast lest you should miss the train. (correct)

Note: Lest can also take simply V1 after it.

Ex: Take care lest he fall.

Rule 12

Unless, Until and Till

1. There is a difference between until and unless. Until is time oriented and unless is action oriented.

Ex:

  • Until the light turns red, no one will stop.
  • Unless you work hard, you won’t succeed.

2. We do not begin a sentence with till.

Ex:

  • Till the train gets the signal, it will not proceed. (incorrect)
  • Until the train gets the signal, it will not proceed. (correct)

Rule 13

Until / Unless is not followed by not.

Ex:

  • Until the train will not get the signal it will not run. (incorrect)
  • Until the train gets the signal, it will not run. (correct)

Note: Will / Would / Shall does not come after Until and Unless

Ex:

  • Unless the Government will not take action, corruption will not stop. (incorrect)
  • Unless the Gvernment takes action, corruption will not stop. (correct)

Rule 14

In affirmative sentences doubt and doubtful are followed by if / whether. In negative orinterrogative sentences doubt and doubtful are followed by that.

Ex:

Affirmative Sentence

  • Doubt – if / whether
  • Doubtful – if / whether

Negative / Interrogative

  • Doubt – that
  • Doubtful – that

Ex:

  • He doubts that she will help him. (incorrect)
  • He doubts if/ whether she will help him. (Affirmative sentence)
  • I have no doubt if / whether he will cheat me. (incorrect)
  • I have no doubt that he will cheat me. (Negative sentence)
  • I am doubtful that my parents will allow me to go to the party. (incorrect)
  • I am doubtful if / whether he will allow me to go to the party. (Affirmative sentence)
  • He is not doubtful if / whether I will finish his work in time. (incorrect)
  • He is not doubtful that I will finish his work in time. (Negative sentence)

Rule 15

The same is followed by that or as.

The same is followed by that if a verb comes after the same.

Ex:

  • This is the same book that I wanted.
  • He is the same boy that met me in the market.

But the same is followed by as if there is no verb after as .

Ex: This is the same book as mine.

Rule 16

1. As…..as and so…..as are used a comparison. As.…….as is used in positive as well as negative sentences and so……..as is used in negative sentences.

Ex:

  • He is as intelligent as you. ( positive sentence )
  • He is not as intelligent as you. ( negative sentence )
  • He is not so intelligent as you. ( negative sentence )

2. Only the positive degrees of adverbs and adjectives can be used with As……as and so…..as.

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