English Master Series Day – 23DEVENDRA VISHWAKARMA
Here we are with our twenty-third module of English Master Series. Hope this will surely help you with your English Language preparation. Here in this Module we will study about Tricks of Conjunction – II .
TRICKS OF CONJUNCTION – II
Note: If/ when is not followed by then.
- When I come, then, I will meet you. (incorrect)
- When I come, I will meet you. (correct)
Similarly ‘since / as / because’ are not followed by ‘so / therefore’.
Ex: Since I was ill, I could not come.
Note: ‘As you sow, so shall you reap’(a phrase where as is followed by so)
- No sooner…….than
Note: Always use the pair.
- No sooner did he see me, when he ran away. (Replace when by than).
- No sooner had the thief seen the police then he ran away.(Replace then by than)
- Hardly I saw him when I stopped my car. (incorrect)
- Hardly did I see him when I stopped my car. (correct)
Use the correct pair
- Run fast lest you will miss the train. (incorrect)
- Run fast lest you should miss the train. (correct)
Note: Lest can also take simply V1 after it.
Ex: Take care lest he fall.
Unless, Until and Till
1. There is a difference between until and unless. Until is time oriented and unless is action oriented.
- Until the light turns red, no one will stop.
- Unless you work hard, you won’t succeed.
2. We do not begin a sentence with till.
- Till the train gets the signal, it will not proceed. (incorrect)
- Until the train gets the signal, it will not proceed. (correct)
Until / Unless is not followed by not.
- Until the train will not get the signal it will not run. (incorrect)
- Until the train gets the signal, it will not run. (correct)
Note: Will / Would / Shall does not come after Until and Unless
- Unless the Government will not take action, corruption will not stop. (incorrect)
- Unless the Gvernment takes action, corruption will not stop. (correct)
In affirmative sentences doubt and doubtful are followed by if / whether. In negative orinterrogative sentences doubt and doubtful are followed by that.
- Doubt – if / whether
- Doubtful – if / whether
Negative / Interrogative
- Doubt – that
- Doubtful – that
- He doubts that she will help him. (incorrect)
- He doubts if/ whether she will help him. (Affirmative sentence)
- I have no doubt if / whether he will cheat me. (incorrect)
- I have no doubt that he will cheat me. (Negative sentence)
- I am doubtful that my parents will allow me to go to the party. (incorrect)
- I am doubtful if / whether he will allow me to go to the party. (Affirmative sentence)
- He is not doubtful if / whether I will finish his work in time. (incorrect)
- He is not doubtful that I will finish his work in time. (Negative sentence)
The same is followed by that or as.
The same is followed by that if a verb comes after the same.
- This is the same book that I wanted.
- He is the same boy that met me in the market.
But the same is followed by as if there is no verb after as .
Ex: This is the same book as mine.
1. As…..as and so…..as are used a comparison. As.…….as is used in positive as well as negative sentences and so……..as is used in negative sentences.
- He is as intelligent as you. ( positive sentence )
- He is not as intelligent as you. ( negative sentence )
- He is not so intelligent as you. ( negative sentence )
2. Only the positive degrees of adverbs and adjectives can be used with As……as and so…..as.